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Hormonal Contraceptives

Side Effects of Hormonal Contraceptives

The different kinds of hormonal contraceptives all come with slightly different common side effects. In addition, hormonal contraceptives do not protect women from sexually transmitted infections—so if you are at risk of infection, you need to use a condom as well.

  • Oral contraceptives: Blood clots, dizziness, nausea, weight gain, and menstrual or mood changes. Women over the age of 35 who smoke should not take oral contraceptives.
  • Patch: Blood clots, dizziness, weight gain, and menstrual or mood disorders
  • Vaginal ring: Vaginal discharge, vaginitis, dizziness, nausea, weight gain, and menstrual or mood disorders
  • Implanted contraception: Irregular menstruation, weight gain, acne, headaches, breast tenderness, hair loss, changes in mood or libido, abdominal pain and an increase in blood pressure
  • Intrauterine device: Cramps, bleeding, pelvic inflammatory disease, infertility, and perforation of the uterus

Locations for Hormonal Contraceptives