What is a Herniated Disc?
A herniated disc is a disc that extrudes into the spinal canal. It is also referred to as a ruptured disc or slipped disc. As a disc degenerates, it can herniate (the inner core extrudes) back into the spinal canal. In the lumbar area, this can cause pain to radiate all the way down the leg into the foot. In the area of the cervical spine, the pain would radiate from the neck down the arm, to the fingers.
Back surgery is typically recommended and will remove the portion of the extruding or bulging disc that is now pressing against a nerve causing the symptoms. By removing or shrinking the bulging disc, we can decompress the spinal cord or nerve root that is being impinged. At this point excess disc material is removed and the symptoms of a bulging disc generally disappear.