Patients with a hiatal hernia can experience complications such as a strangulated hiatal hernia that is twisted and cuts off the stomach’s blood supply. Patients with a severe case of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) or esophagitis (inflamed esophagus) can also develop complications. Other forms of hiatal hernia include:
Hiatal hernia can occur in many forms, including:
- Sliding hiatal hernia
- Paraesophageal hiatal hernia- the rarest form of a hiatal hernia, usually requires surgical treatment to avoid strangulation.
- Esophageal hiatal hernia