In addition to a complete medical history and physical examination, diagnostic procedures for hematuria may include the following:
- Urinalysis. Laboratory examination of urine for various cells and chemicals, such as RBCs, white blood cells, infection, or excessive protein.
- Blood tests. Laboratory examination of blood for high levels of waste products.
- Intravenous pyelogram (IVP). A series of X-rays of the kidney, ureters, and bladder with the injection of a contrast dye into the vein. This is done to detect tumors, abnormalities, kidney stones, or any obstructions, and to assess renal blood flow.
- Cystoscopy (also called cystourethroscopy). An examination in which a scope, a flexible tube and viewing device, is inserted through the urethra to examine the bladder and urinary tract for structural abnormalities or obstructions, such as tumors or stones.