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Hematuria (Blood in the Urine)

Screening and Tests for Hematuria

In addition to a complete medical history and physical examination, diagnostic procedures for hematuria may include the following:

  • Urinalysis.¬†Laboratory examination of urine for various cells and chemicals, such as RBCs, white blood cells, infection, or excessive protein.
  • Blood tests. Laboratory examination of blood for high levels of waste products.
  • Intravenous pyelogram (IVP).¬†A series of X-rays of the kidney, ureters, and bladder with the injection of a contrast dye into the vein. This is done to detect tumors, abnormalities, kidney stones, or any obstructions, and to assess renal blood flow.
  • Cystoscopy (also called cystourethroscopy). An examination in which a scope, a flexible tube and viewing device, is inserted through the urethra to examine the bladder and urinary tract for structural abnormalities or obstructions, such as tumors or stones.

Locations for Hematuria (Blood in the Urine)