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Head and Neck Cancer

Causes of Head and Neck Cancer

Causes of head and neck cancer are tobacco and alcohol use. These risk factors represent the main causes of head and neck cancer, accounting for 75 to 85 percent of all reported cancers of the head and neck cases. 
 
HPV (human papillomavirus) is also another cause of head and neck cancer, especially in oropharyngeal cancers. HPV-16 is recognized as one risk factor that contributes to head and neck cancer, although cancers of the larynx, pharynx, tonsils and mouth are most common due to this virus.  
 
The following risk factors of head and neck cancer include: 
  • Tobacco (chewing and smoking)
  • Alcohol
  • HPV and HPV-16
  • Paan (betel quid that Asian immigrants most commonly use)
  • Preserved or salted foods
  • Poor oral health
  • Occupational exposure (for example, asbestos)
  • Radiation exposure
  • Epstein-Barr virus infection
  • Asian descent
Oncologists at Florida Hospital are specialized in identifying risk factors that can potentially increase the chances of developing cancers of the head and neck. If a patient suspects head and neck cancer, contact Florida Hospital today to undergo physical examination and testing to diagnose these type of cancers.  
 

Locations for Head and Neck Cancer