- Birth defects (heart/connecting blood vessels, abnormal development in the brain/spine, kidney conditions, urinary issues, complications in the digestive tract)
- Injury during birth
- Macrosomia (a baby that is larger than normal because it absorbed the glucose from the blood that the mother’s body couldn’t)
- Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar levels after birth)
- Respiratory distress – high insulin or glucose levels can affect lung development and cause respiratory issues
- Fetal death (stillbirth)
Survivability of Gestational Diabetes
The survivability of gestational diabetes is high for patients who correctly manage the condition and seek appropriate treatment. Patients who manage the condition correctly usually experience less severe symptoms.
The long-term prognosis for pregnant women is good when managed correctly. If left untreated, gestational diabetes can lead to death and other serious conditions including ketoacidosis. Women who experience gestational diabetes also have an increased risk for developing diabetes after pregnancy.
The prognosis for infants depends on the mother’s ability to maintain a normal blood glucose level during pregnancy. Gestational diabetes can lead to these serious conditions when left untreated: