- Gestational diabetes is characterized by high blood sugar (glucose) levels.
- It is caused when hormones in the body reduce the effectiveness of insulin, so cells do not absorb enough energy (sugar) from the blood stream.
- This causes the cells to literally starve and the blood to maintain a high level of sugar.
- Gestational diabetes occurs in between 3 and 8% of pregnant women
- It usually occurs between 24-28 weeks of pregnancy
- Left untreated, this condition can cause eye disorders, blindness, heart disease, kidney failure and nerve damage in women; and birth defects, hypoglycemia, increase birth size, respiratory distress and even stillbirth in babies.
- Most women are tested for gestational diabetes during the 24th -28th weeks of pregnancy.
- Treatments include a specialized diet, exercise routine, insulin injections and close blood sugar monitoring.
Statistics for Gestational Diabetes
For pregnant women, knowing statistics and facts on gestational diabetes can help improve your understanding of the condition and allow for better decision-making. It’s important to be proactive in maintaining good overall health—especially when pregnant.
Review these facts and statistics to learn the basics on gestational diabetes: