A virus called human papilloma virus (HPV) is what causes genital warts. There are 70 kinds of HPV, but not all types cause genital warts. Some high-risk strains of HPV can cause precancerous changes that lead to cervical cancer or anal cancer.
The virus is usually spread through sexual contact. It usually doesn’t cause symptoms or causes delayed symptoms in most people. Also, not all people in contact with HPV will become infected.
Risk factors for developing genital warts include the following factors:
- Multiple sexual partners
- Unprotected/unsafe sex
- Sexually active at early age
- Herpes or other STDs
- Weakened immune system
Routine screening and diagnosis are recommended for sexually active patients. Schedule a screening online now.