- Age: Most people develop stomach cancer at age 72 or over.
- Gender: Men are more likely than women to develop gastric cancer.
- Ethnicity: Stomach cancer is more common among Asians, Pacific Islanders, Hispanics and African Americans than in non-Hispanic Caucasian Americans.
- Diet: People who eat a diet high in smoked, salted or pickled foods may have a higher chance of developing stomach cancer. In addition, a diet high in red meat—especially barbequed or well-done meat—have been linked to stomach cancer, though a diet rich in fresh fruits and vegetables may help protect people from developing stomach cancer.
- Helicobacter pylori infection: This is a type of bacteria that commonly lives in the stomach but doesn’t cause any harm. However, this infection increases the risk of stomach inflammation, stomach ulcers and stomach cancer.
- Smoking: Individuals who smoke are about two times more likely to develop stomach cancers as those who do not.
- Excessive Alcohol Intake: Alcoholism and consistent heavy alcohol consumption appear to increase the likelihood of cancer development in the stomach.
- Other health conditions: Stomach surgery, chronic gastritis and other conditions that cause inflammation or other problems in the stomach may increase the risk of stomach cancer.
- Genetics: Several genetic mutations have been linked to stomach cancer.
Causes of Gastric Cancer
There are a number of risk factors associated with an increased risk of developing stomach cancer. These include: