Facial surgery provides cosmetic correction for imperfections in appearance and cranial structure that may be caused by natural development, birth defects, injury or as a supplement to other surgeries. The specific procedure used depends on the reason the correction is needed.
Conditions related to facial surgery include:
Normal effects of aging such as sagging facial muscles, deep creases around the mouth, and fat deposits on the neck and slack jowls can be addressed by a face lift. The surgery may be combined with a forehead lift, eyelid lift and nose reshaping.
Drooping eyelids that distort appearance or interfere with vision can be corrected by an eyelid lift to remove excess fat, muscle and skin.
Ears that are very large or prominent can be moved closer to the head with ear pinning, a procedure that usually is done when the child is around five or six years old, but can also be done for adults.
The nose shape, such as being too large or wide, or one that has been distorted by an injury, can be repaired and given a pleasing contour with rhinoplasty. The procedure also is used as a supplement to surgeries for other conditions such as cleft lip and palate.
Many times personal preference drives the decision to elect facial surgery. Facial surgery not only can improve appearance, but also may give a boost to self-image and a positive attitude.