Surviving epilepsy is a risk for some individuals, although most people live a normal life span. The chance of death from epilepsy goes down when medication and surgery control seizures and prudent safety measures are taken.
Several factors influence the survivability of epilepsy:
- Injuries to the head from falling during a major seizure
- Epilepticus – prolonged or rapidly successive seizures caused by abruptly stopping medication
- The seriousness of the underlying condition
In some rare instances, major epileptic seizures cause sudden death, believed to result from changes to heart rhythm.