Treatments for ectopic pregnancy are prescribed by a doctor based on a number of considerations. The woman’s health and medical history play an important role along with the extent of the condition, her ability to tolerate certain medications and procedures, what course the condition is taking, and the patient’s concerns.
In any event, because it can be fatal, the treatment options for ectopic pregnancy acknowledge that the fetus cannot survive and focus on protecting the health of the mother. Doctors prescribe a treatment strategy after determining if the fallopian tube has ruptured, how developed the fetus is, and the levels of human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG) in the mother’s blood.
Treatment Options for Ectopic Pregnancy
Natural Resolution – in some specific cases, the body is allowed to heal the ectopic pregnancy on its own and absorb the embryonic tissue.
Medication – the drug methotrexate stops the development of the pregnancy, and is most effective with an early diagnosis of the condition.
Surgery – removing the fertilized egg from the fallopian tube; if the fallopian tube is damaged, it may have to be removed.
Treatments for Shock due to a Ruptured Tubal Pregnancy
If the ectopic pregnancy ruptures the fallopian tube, it can cause extensive bleeding and send the mother into severe, possibly fatal shock. Treatments for may include:
- administering a blood transfusion
- providing oxygen
- intravenous fluids
- raising the patient’s legs and keeping her warm