Preventing ectopic pregnancy in most of its forms is not currently possible. A woman may be able to prevent a tubal pregnancy in which the fetus implants in a fallopian tube, if conditions that scar the tube can be avoided.
Risks of a tubal pregnancy can be minimized by:
- quitting smoking
- limiting the number of sex partners
- not having unprotected sex
- early diagnosis and prompt treatment of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
Women with unavoidable conditions such as infertility, a birth defect in the fallopian tube, endometriosis (a condition caused when uterine tissue grows in other areas of the pelvis), or age-related risks should get regular checkups by a qualified gynecologist familiar with ectopic pregnancy.