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Dementia

Symptoms and Signs of Dementia

The symptoms of dementia vary depending on the area of the brain affected. They also present differently depending on the type of dementia, the individual, and the progress of the condition. In general, symptoms include problems in areas of memory, language, perception, cognitive skills (judgment, abstract thinking, math) and changes in personality and behavior.

Signs of Dementia

The common symptoms of dementia include:

  • Memory loss (but some forgetfulness is normal part of aging)
  • Difficulty communicating
  • Inability to learn or remember new information
  • Difficulty with planning and organization
  • Loss of coordination

As the condition develops, it causes personality changes such as depression, loss of social skills and withdrawal. An inability to reason can lead to inappropriate behavior. Many patients experience paranoia, agitation and hallucinations. In severe cases, the individual may not be able to bathe, dress or eat without help, no longer recognizes family members and does not understand language.

Locations for Dementia