Coronary artery disease treatment plans are designed according to each patient’s individual health, risk factors and the progression of the disease. Mild cases of coronary artery disease can be treated by carefully monitored medical management, while more severe cases can require surgery. Your Florida Hospital physician can assess your condition to determine the best course of action.
Medical management of coronary artery disease may include one or any of the following:
- Statins and other medication used to decrease low-density lipoprotein (LDL) levels in the blood
- ACE inhibitors to decrease blood pressure and ease the heart’s workload
- Aspirin to thin the blood and prevent blood clots
- Beta-blockers to slow the heart rate, lower blood pressure and ease stress on the heart
- Calcium channel blockers to open arteries and lower blood pressure
- Nitroglycerin to open blood vessels and relieve pain in the chest
Minimally invasive procedure used to treat coronary artery disease include:
- Coronary angioplasty forces arteries open by expanding a balloon inside the artery walls.
- Stenting follows coronary angioplasty and places a tube made of wire mesh into the artery to reinforce the wall and keep it open.
- Radiation brachytherapy applies a precise amount of radiation into the artery to prevent blockages.
- Atherectomy scrapes or shaves plaque off the sides of the arterial walls.
The most common surgical procedure used to treat coronary artery disease is coronary artery bypass surgery. This open heart procedure redirects blood flow around a blockage by grafting sections of blood vessel from other parts of the body onto the artery past the point of blockage.