The main diagnostic procedures used in testing for coronary artery disease include EKG (ECG or electrocardiogram[CC1] ), stress test and angiogram. Prior to running these procedures, your Florida Hospital physician will analyze your risk factors for stroke, including hypertension (high blood pressure), elevated cholesterol and calcium levels in the blood, diabetes and obesity.
- Cardiac stress test is performed while the patient is exercising, usually on a treadmill, and connected to an ECG (electrocardiogram) machine.
- Angiogram (arteriogram) is a catheter-assisted imaging procedure to view arteries by using a contrast dye and X-ray.
- CTA scan (computerized tomography angiography) uses dye contrast and x-ray technology to produce three-dimensional views of neck and brain blood vessels.
- MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) creates images of internal organs, tissue and bone through the use of radiofrequency, magnets and computer technology.
- Carotid ultrasonography lets your physician visualize blood flow by transmitting high-frequency sound waves into the arteries through a transducer placed at your neck.
- Heart CT Calcium Scoreis used to assess risk and determine how aggressive one needs to be in. This is a very popular, noninvasive test that uses less radiation than a CTA scan.