A type of endometrial hyperplasia with a higher risk of developing endometrial cancer, complex endometrial hyperplasia affects the uterus. In a normal menstrual cycle, the lining of the uterus, the endometrium, builds up and then sheds. Complex endometrial hyperplasia occurs when the lining doesn’t shed. Instead it builds up and crowds in the uterus. Cells become abnormal, and increase the risk of developing into endometrial cancer.
Simple endometrial hyperplasia is easily treated and less than one percent of patients develop cancer. Complex endometrial hyperplasia is a type of hyperplasia where the lining is even thicker. There are two types of complex hyperplasia, both carrying a higher risk of cancer:
- Complex endometrial hyperplasia without atypia – Cells are thicker than simple hyperplasia, but are normal in appearance. Patients have a 10% higher risk of developing cancer.
- Complex endometrial hyperplasia with atypia – Cells are thicker than simple hyperplasia and have bizarre appearances. There is a significantly increased risk of endometrial cancer—about 40%.
Florida Hospital’s Gynecological Cancer Center treats patients with both types of complex endometrial hyperplasia. We use specialized tools and innovative minimally invasive techniques to reduce pain, recovery time and complications while treating patients. Trust the world-renowned oncologists at Florida Hospital for your care.
See how complex endometrial hyperplasia is diagnosed, treated and prevented to learn more about this condition. If you experience any of the symptoms of hyperplasia, schedule a diagnostic appointment at Florida Hospital today.