Colectomy, or bowel resection, involves partial or full removal of the large intestine, which connects the small intestine to the anus, and can be in response to advanced stages of colon cancer. To ensure the most precision in the removal and reattachment of these delicate digestive tissues, Florida Hospital’s digestive oncological surgery specialists are typically able to employ today’s leading minimally invasive laparoscopic and robotically assisted surgical methods for excision of the colon. Request an appointment with an oncological surgery specialist today or seek a second opinion.
A colectomy is a surgical procedure used to treat colon cancer. The surgery involves removing a portion of the colon, or large intestine, usually about one-third to one-fourth of it. The surgeon will typically remove the portion of the colon that appears cancerous, as well as another small portion on either side of the cancerous part. The remaining parts of the colon are then attached to each other.
A colectomy can be done in two ways. The traditional procedure is an open colectomy, in which a long incision is made on your abdomen to give the surgeon adequate access to the colon. The newer form of colectomy is a laparoscopic colectomy, in which only small incisions are made, and a tiny camera is inserted into one of the incisions to help the surgeon see the area being worked on.
Reasons for the Procedure
A colectomy is usually performed if colon cancer is caught in its earlier stages. Sometimes even when the cancer has progressed beyond the early stages, a more extensive colectomy can be an option.
Your doctor will recommend a colectomy if your medical team has been determined that this surgery will give you the best chance of survival.