Treatments for choanal atresia involve surgical intervention to remove the tissue blocking nasal airways. These procedures are performed by otolaryngologists – doctors specializing in conditions of the ear, nose and throat.
How Is Choanal Atresia Treated?
Among the treatment options for choanal atresia are advanced endoscopic sinus surgery using digital guidance technology, such as that employed by the board-certified pediatric otolaryngologists at Florida Hospital, to assure a high degree of precision and accuracy in sinus procedures. If respiratory failure occurs, resuscitation becomes the first concern. Treatment may involve intubation in which a tube is inserted in the windpipe through the mouth or nose. Alternately, the doctor may perform a tracheostomy, surgically inserting a tube directly into the trachea.
Choanal atresia is cured by surgically removing the obstruction. Commonly, procedures to remove the tissue are transnasal surgery (through the nose), or transpalatal surgery (through the mouth). In some cases, an infant tolerates mouth breathing, reducing the need for immediate surgery.