Carotid artery disease treatments range from lifestyle changes and drug therapy to carotid endarterectomy or carotid artery stenting depending on the severity of the disease and patient-specific factors.
It may be possible to stabilize plaque by controlling diabetes, hypertension and lipid levels and by a regimen of anti-platelet medication.
Minimally Invasive Treatment
- Carotid angioplasty is a procedure where your surgeon inserts a catheter (tiny, hollow tube) into an artery in your groin and threads it up to the affected carotid artery. Once in place, a small balloon at the tip of the catheter is inflated, widening the blocked artery.
- Stenting may take place at the end of a carotid angioplasty. A stent – a flexible, metal coil – is placed inside the artery and left there to keep it open.
Carotid endarterectomy is performed through an incision on the side of your neck. The artery is opened and the surgeon removes the plaque, restoring blood flow. The artery and neck are then sutured back together.