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Bone Densitometry (DXA scan)

Causes of Osteoporosis or Osteopenia

Osteoporosis is most commonly found in postmenopausal women, where the absence of the hormone estrogen is related to the loss of bone mass. Other conditions that may cause osteoporosis or osteopenia include, but are not limited to, the following:

  • Renal (kidney) failure
  • Hyperparathyroidism (overactive parathyroid gland)
  • Prolonged immobility
  • Long-term corticosteroid therapy
  • Long-term hormone replacement therapy
  • GI (gastrointestinal) malabsorption disorder
  • Cushing's syndrome. A condition in which there is increased production of glucocorticoids by the adrenal glands due to either an adrenal gland tumor or pituitary gland hyperfunction

These conditions affect bone formation due to problems with absorption of certain substances, such as Vitamin D and calcium, which are needed to form strong bones.

Locations for Bone Densitometry (DXA scan)