Do you know the signs to look for when it comes to a stroke? Remembering the acronym F.A.S.T. can save your life or the life of a loved one.
F = FACE Ask the person to smile. Does one side of the face droop?
A = ARMS Ask the person to raise both arms. Does one arm drift downward?
S = SPEECH Ask the person to repeat a simple sentence. Does the speech sound slurred or strange?
T = TIME If you observe any of these signs (independently or together), call 9-1-1immediately.
We have answered some of the most commonly asked questions to help you and your loved ones better understand strokes.
1. If you have a stroke, are you likely to have another one?
Yes, if you have a minor stroke, statistics show you are 40 percent likely to have another stroke within three months.
2. Is it possible to suffer brain damage?
Yes, stroke can cause permanent brain damage. However, intense therapy can help restore function.
3. Are there different types of stroke?
Yes, there are two types of stroke. Ischemic stroke occurs when arteries are blocked by blood clots or by the gradual build-up of plaque and other fatty deposits. About 87 percent of all strokes are ischemic. Hemorrhagic stroke occurs when a blood vessel in the brain breaks leaking blood into the brain. Hemorrhagic strokes account for thirteen percent of all strokes, yet are responsible for more than thirty percent of all stroke deaths.
4. Are strokes fatal? Are there any warning signs?
Approximately, 15 percent of all strokes are fatal. Every second counts during a stroke. You will only see symptoms during a stroke, not before.
5. How quickly do strokes happen?
Suddenly. Approximately 795,000 strokes will occur this year, one occurring every 40 seconds, and taking a life approximately every four minutes.
6. Can you get a test to see if you are at risk?
It is important to check your risk factors. Have your blood pressure, cholesterol and sugar levels checked.
7. Can drinking cause a stroke?
Drinking in moderation (considered 2 drinks per day for men, 1 drink for women) does not pose a higher risk for stroke.
8. Do you know what the percentage of recurring stroke is?
It is approximately 20 percent.
9. Can stroke patients fully recover?
With intensive rehabilitation, most will improve and some can go back to living a completely independent life.
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