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Diet Modification

In many cases making diet and lifestyle changes can help reduce acid reflux symptoms. If you have GERD, be careful about what you eat and drink. 

Avoid foods that cause gastric acid such as:

  • Foods that are fried, greasy, oily or fatty
  • Peppermint and spearmint
  • Chocolate
  • Onions
  • Alcohol
  • Citrus fruit and juices
  • Tomato products and foods made with tomatoes such as spaghetti sauce
  • Drinks with caffeine, such as coffee, soda, and energy drinks

Enjoy foods that suppress gastric acid such as:

  • Non-citrus fruit
  • Vegetables other than tomatoes and onions
  • Eggs or egg whites
  • Lean meat
  • Complex carbohydrates like whole grains and potatoes

You should also:

  • Eat smaller portions
  • Avoid overeat
  • Quit smoking
  • Refrain from drinking too much alcohol
  • Wait a few hours after eating before you lie down or go to bed
  • Lose weight if needed
  • Raise the head of your bed six inches by putting bricks or cinderblocks under the bed legs

Lifestyle Changes

  • Do not smoke
  • Reduce or eliminate intake of alcohol
  • Avoid eating within three hours of bedtime
  • Maintain good posture after eating a meal
  • Chew gum (not peppermint or spearmint) to increase saliva — which reduces acid