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Acoustic Neuroma

Conditions Related to Acoustic Neuroma

Neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF 2), an inherited genetic disorder, is the most strongly related condition of acoustic neuroma. Doctors believe that NF 2 causes a malfunction of a gene that controls the growth of the Schwann cells that line the nerves of the inner ear. If one parent of a child has acoustic neuroma, the child has a 50-50 chance of developing the condition as well. A family history of NF 2 is the main risk factor for the disorder; some cases are the first appearance of it in a family.

The symptoms of NF 2 are similar to acoustic neuroma, such as balance problems, hearing loss or ringing in the ears, but may include changes in vision and cataracts at a young age.

Environmental factors are suspected of being related conditions of unilateral acoustic neuroma, which is not hereditary. However, neuroscience has not yet identified which specific factors, if any, cause the genetic malfunction.

Locations for Acoustic Neuroma